Monday, April 13, 2015

Learn Korean Numbers (숫자)

Korean people use two number systems, Sino-Korean numbers, taken from Chinese, and Native Korean numbers, which only go from 1-99. You need to know both number systems because they are both used, (i.e. time is told by using both systems, Native Korean numbers for the hour and Sino-Korean numbers for the minutes.)

Here are the Sino-Korean numbers:
Arabic Korean Chinese
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11 십일 十一
12 십이 十二
13 십삼 十三
14 십사 十四
15 십오 十五
16 십육 十六
17 십칠 十七
18 십팔 十八
19 십구 十九
20 이십 二十
30 삼십 三十
40 사십 四十
50 오십 五十
60 육십 六十
70 칠십 七十
80 팔십 八十
90 구십 九十
100

If you wanted to say 21 you would put the number 20, 이십, and the number 1, 일, together and get 이십일. 79 would be 칠십구. Pretty easy right?

Here are a few videos with Sino-Korean numbers 1-10.






And more numbers:









Here is a worksheet to practice writing the Sino-Korean numbers 1-10.
Here for 11-20.
Worksheet for 21-30.

You can learn more about higher numbers (hundreds, thousands, millions, and more,) here.


Native Korean numbers:

1 하나
2
3
4
5 다섯
6 여섯
7 일곱
8 여덟
9 아홉
10


This video by Korean Class 101.com covers 1-10, it also covers how numbers 1-4 lose their last letter with certain counters. This happens when a number ends with a 1, 2, 3, or 4 (i.e. 21, 33, 42, etc.)

Other videos showing 1-10 in Native Korean.






11 열한나
12 열둘
13 열셋
14 열넷
15 열다섯
16 열여섯
17 열일곱
18 열여덟
19 열아홉
20 스물
21 스물한나
22 스물둘
30 서른
31 서른한나
32 서른열둘
40 마흔
50
60 예순
70 일흔
80 여든
90 아흔



Counting 1-100 in Native Korean numbers.


Here are a few other videos to help you learn the native numbers:



Practice writing 1-10 with this worksheet.
And 11-20 Here.

Two see both number systems together, watch this video;


And there is this worksheet to practice writing both number systems at the same time.


Want to know your Korean age?


Want to know how to say how old you are?



You can also read The Korean's post on Korean numbers here. It is a great read and includes things like ordianl numbers, counters (i.e. miles, animals, bundles, etc.), and really large numbers like 1020.

The Korea Times flashcard of both number systems 1-10 can be found here.


A link to a podcast of both number systems 1-10 here.

Here is a worksheet quiz to practice what you have learned. I could not find the answer sheet for it on the blog, but let me know and I can help.



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